See n.104 above. Neither father nor daughter are specifically referenced anywhere else in the Welsh tradition, although Ellylw is a common name in the medieval Welsh genealogies (CO p.109). And Arthur himself went to the hunt with the dog Cafall462 in his hand. 'Anwas the Winged One'. He will not give to anyone: not for money or love,400 and nor can you force him. This preserves an Old Welsh spelling of Menw's patronymic. 'Until there might be ample supply of food and drink to him'
53 Sioned Davies (MAB-D p.261) notes that this particular oath is unique to Cai, and suggests it may refer to the hand lost by his companion Bedwyr. There are a number of figures in this list who display aspects of this condition (e.g. Once
again, we must remember that reduplication is used emphatically in primitive narratives, and should not necessarily be regarded as sign of corruption. The cantref would be divided into smaller units, commotes, and each commote would have a defined quantity of food-render (and armed service) it was obliged to provide for its various overlords and royal officials (these are defined with some precision in the medieval Welsh lawbooks, LHD p.121-122)
217 Trydet gordibla Kernyw a Dyfneint pan gahad idaw y wala lit. 'since he will not have life except until I go with a man.' 135 Nodawl Uaryf Twrch lit. 286 Arnadunt oll y hasswynwys Kulhwch mab Kilid y gyuarws. There is no-one in the world who doesn't know who owns the caer. p.###) to denote the convivial atmosphere of the feast. The challenge of these anoethau appears to be in yoking the animals together as much as their acquisition. "it went to life over life with him"
514 yna lit. subjunctive < gorbot
454 Mwyngddwn. 62 Caleduwlch < caled (adj.) Culhwch and Olwen (Welsh: Culhwch ac Olwen) is a Welsh tale that survives in only two manuscripts about a hero connected with Arthur and his warriors: a complete version in the Red Book of Hergest, c. 1400, and a fragmented version in the White Book of Rhydderch, c. 1325.It is the longest of the surviving Welsh prose tales. Said one of his counsellors, "I know a wife that will suit thee well, and she is the wife of King Doged." ", "Though you may get that [...] There is no comb and shears in the world with which my beard can be trimmed, because of its stiffness, except the comb and shears that are between the ears of Twrch Trwyth son of Tared Wledig.377, "Though you may get that [...] Twrch Trwyth will not be hunted until Drudwyn, the whelp of Graid son of Eri, is obtained. 451 Bromwich and Roberts (CO p.151-152) point out that the name CVLIDORI (genitval form of *Culidorix) occurs on a fifth-century inscribed stone from the Llangefni area of Anglesey. 436 yn deivan lit. From that night until the end of the next year, Arthur's messengers were searching. Then Twrch Trwyth went between the Tawy and Ewias.530 The men of Cornwall and Devon were summoned to meet Arthur at the mouth of the Severn. 128Geraint son of Erbin. Cai, Bedwyr) or neighbouring royal dynasties from the Central Belt and Old North regions (e.g. On Nodens, a Romano-British diety (also the father of Gwyn) see p.### below. Spoke they "Ysbaddaden Bencawr, do not shoot at us any more. 'under my hand is he'. All of a sudden, a caer of mortared stone could be seen,401 the biggest of [all] the caers in the world. No-one has come [away] with his life [after] doing that to him. ", "I will go and tell that to Wrnach Gawr, and bring you an answer. Anblaud's precise regional affiliations are not defined here or anywhere else in the Welsh tradition, but the cult of Illtud was an essentially South Walian phenomenon, and it is reasonable to situate Anblaud and his daughters within this same general context. 24 Ysbaddaden lit. He may have been a local folk hero or blason populaire for certain populations within the Dyfed region. 270 Gwen Alarch m. Kynwal Canhwch lit. 'took up Caw of Pictland the help of a hatchet'
465 salwen emended to salwet, the equative form of salw 'mean, ugly'
466 i.e. ", "Though you may get that [...] The two oxen of the Bannog,355 one who is on the that side of the Bannog mountain, the other on this side, and their bringing together under a single yoke. 393 Horses were of considerable interest in Celtic cultures, and often remembered and celebrated in a similar way to the recollection of the human heroes. He is one of the six companions, or helpers, chosen to accompany Culhwch on his quest (see p.### below). See p.### below, where I have suggested this may indicate a situation of uxorilocal residence. 343 yn alavon y dwyuronn lit. The king said, "I will do so no longer." 271 Eurneit merch Clydno Eidin. Then she said unto him, "I declare to thee, that it is thy destiny not to be suited with a wife until thou obtain Olwen, the daughter of Yspaddaden Penkawr." Jones and Jones interpreted it as gomyniad 'hewer' (MAB-J p.100). What form is she [in]? As Bromwich and Evans (CO p. 158) point out, the name Grugyn (< Grug 'Heather' + dim. ", "Though you may get that [...] I will not trust anyone to keep the tusk apart from Caw of Prydyn.369 Three score cantrefs of Prydyn are under him. "For my heart warms unto thee, and I know that thou art come of my blood. 'he who has come today'
40 Anghleuach lit. the Horseman'. It may be significant, however, that the path taken by the Twrch Trwyth is approximately co-terminous with the limits of Rhŷs ap Gruffydd's geopolitical sphere, as we will consider on p.### below. 507 Glyn Ystu. 'What is meaning of you not opening it?' Otherwise unknown. And there [Llywdog] himself was killed. 116 Sel mab Selgi. Translated by Lady Charlotte Guest
Some of the minor differences between the two passages include the name Cilyd in place of the earlier Cledyf, and the fact that Och, Garym and Diasbad are described as three crones (gureichon) instead of grandchildren (vyryon). After they were told no, Bedwyr got up and seized the cauldron, putting it on the back of Hygwydd, Arthur's servant (he was a half-brother on his mother's side to Cacamwri, Arthur's servant). "333, "Come here tomorrow. Gwythyr's appearance in the Beddau stanzas and elsewhere in the Medieval Welsh tradition (e.g. "Cursed savage son-in-law! Do you know anything about Mabon son of Modron who was taken on the third night from his mother? He will have another peculiarity: no-one suffers water or fire better than him.177 He will have another peculiarity: there will not be another retainer or steward like him. Grugyn Gwrych Eraint480 - like wings of silver were all his bristles, the path he would follow through the wood and the meadow could be seen by the glitter of his bristles. 508 See n.452 above. And the youth pricked forth upon a steed with head dappled grey, of four winters old, firm of limb, with shell-formed hoofs, having a bridle of linked gold on his head, and upon him a saddle of costly gold. ", Glewlwyd went to the gate, and opened the gate before him. Gwadyn Odyeith, the soles of his feet emitted sparks of fire when they struck upon things hard, like the heated mass when drawn out of the forge. Edited into three parts by Mary Jones. Culhwch son of Cilydd son of Celiddon Wledig, from Goleuddydd daughter of Anlawd, my mother. (She was the most splendid maiden in the three Islands of the mighty, and in the three Islands adjacent, and for her Gwythyr the son of Greidawl and Gwynn the son of Nudd fight every first of May until the day of doom.) Another figure who may have had an independent existence in the narrative tradition before his inclusion in this court list. An allusion to this mythical beast may be present in the Gwarthan Cynvelyn found in the Book of Aneirin, although the passage in question is highly obscure. ", "Och, man, since the sea will not allow a jewel of the dead within it, show me this corpse. 506 Kynlas mab Kynan. 'any more'. The basis for this identification is the suggestive resemblances to a sequence in a Powysian genealogical tract which mentions a certain Ermic map Ecrin, apparently the grandfather of the Caranfael mentioned as a kinsmen of Cynddylan in the engyln saga Canu Heledd. ", And Glewlwyd came to the gate, and opened the gate before him; and although all dismounted upon the horse-block at the gate, yet did he not dismount, but rode in upon his charger. He polished half of one side of its blade and he put it in his hand. He is his cousin. The first element appears to derive from the Old French glaive, a halberd-like weapon similar to the Japanese naginata. For the name Rhymhi, see n.429 below. 162 Dyuynwal Moel 'Dyfynwal the Bald'. And he takes the scabbard, and the sword in the other hand. 412 Dyuot ohonaw vch pen y kawr lit. In a medieval context, this often denote a journey made to the court of a patron or ally, in order to convey information or obtain some kind of favour (as in this case); although elsewhere in this text (e.g. "Though you may get that [...] The two oxen of the Bannog, "Though you may get that [...] The blood will not be effective unless is it is put on, "Though you may get that [...] Twrch Trwyth will not be hunted until Drudwyn, the whelp of Graid son of Eri, is obtained. 517 Dyffryn Anamw 'Amanw Valley', see n.512
518 Bennwic 'little pigling', the diminuitive form of Banw. 'from his will'
352 Gouannon mab Don lit. Comparisons have been drawn with the Irish form Caladbolg, which occurs in the Book of Leinster recension of the Tain Bó Cualigne as the name of the sword inherited by Fergus mac Róig. Later in the text, of course, we have Odger son of Aed, another son of the Irish king with a curiously foreign-sounding name. ", "Urgh, men, God's protection upon you. 45 Mi a wum gynt lit. The name, derived from a scribal error, is an unjustified but convenient term for these tales. 13 Y ryn emended to yr hyn 'that which'
14 Trw yt The first element appears to be a truncated variant of the preposition trwy 'through, by means of'. This may have been a subversive addition by the scribe of R, if so we have a visible instance of the way in the Arthruian court list may have accumulated and mutated, and perhaps been subject to a variety of readings over the centuries of its transmission (see pp.### above). Some kind of prodigious 'strong-man' features in most versions of the 'Six Go Through the World' tale-type, and this is one of several variants of the type that occur in the Arthurian court list. And Sandde Pryd Angel142 - no man laid a spear upon him at Camlan, because of his beauty everyone thought he was an angel fighting alongside them.143 And Saint Cynwyl,144 one of the three men who escaped from Camlan, he was the last to be parted from Arthur on Hengroen his horse. And through fear of the pigs, the queen was delivered [of her child].6 And the swineherd took the boy until he came to court.7 And the boy was given a baptism, and the name 'Culhwch' put upon him, because he had been found in a pig-run.8 However, the boy was of noble birth, a cousin of Arthur was he. This son of Arthur is otherwise unknown. Cnychwr mab Nes is clearly identical with the Irish Conchobur, the Ulster king in the Táin Bó Cúaligne and its surrounding narrative complex. After a while, when all were at ease in their throng,321 the woman opened a coffer at the end of the hearth, and out came a youth with curly yellow hair. 396 These are evidently both hunting hounds, but are not otherwise known to the Welsh tradition. Later on in the text, when Dillus's de-bearding takes place he is referred to as Dillus Uaruawg 'Dillus the Bearded', and also as Dillus mab Eurei in Arthur's satirical englynnion. Llenlleog Wyddel,200 and Arddyrchog Prydein,201 Cas son of Saidi,202 Gwrfan Gwallt Afwyn,203 Gwilenhin king of France,204 Gwitard son of Aedd king of Iwerdon,205 Garselyd Wyddel,206 Panawr Penbagad,207 Atlefdor son of Naf,208 Gwyn Hyfar,209 steward of Cornwall and Devon, one of the nine who plotted the Battle of Camlan. 119 Samson Uinsych lit. KILYDD the son of Prince Kelyddon desired a wife as a helpmate, and the wife that he chose was Goleuddydd, the daughter of Prince Anlawdd. Bromwich and Evans (CO p.88) suggest a derivation of this name from the elements Cul- 'slender' (c.f. 25 Py drwc yssyd arnat ti lit. necesse) "errand, mission, business, request". ", "Let it be, chieftain, by the truth of God. Ymdewch < ymdeith literally means 'travel, go', but refers here as much to the intentional purpose of the journey to Ysbaddaden's court as to the destination itself. As he got up, Culhwch gave him a gold ring. He asked who he was. 516 Gwys lit. 3rd pers.pret. ", The Stag said "When I first came here, there was nothing but one tine on either side of my head, and there was nothing of this forest but one oak sapling, and that grew into a an oak of a hundred branches, and today there is nothing of it [left] but a red stump. 381 On Cilyd Cahastyr see n.95 above. See n.206 above. 26 The cutting of hair seems to have been a social ritual in the early medieval Brythonic world, a rite de passage in which a younger kinsmen is formally accepted into the court community, under the patronage of a sponsor or adoptive father-figure who undertakes the hair-cutting. 285 Essyllt Vynwen ac Essyllt Uyngul 'Esyllt White Neck and Esyllt Slender-Neck'. 238 Bwlch a Chyfwlch a Seuwlch meibon Kledyf Kyfwlch, vyron Cledyf Diuwlch. “Lludd and Llefelys” narrates the historic legend. Go, therefore, unto Arthur, to cut thy hair, and ask this of him as a boon.". Tarog himself is otherwise unknown. They came to the place where the Owl420 of Cwm Colwyd421 was. What Arthur did was come with his hosts over to where Grugyn and Llwydog were, and release all of the dogs that had been selected onto them. Lo! Beidd[i]og 'daring, bold, presumptuous'. is represented in conflict with the forces of Annwfn (led, significantly, by Brân son of Llŷr), in the run up to the Cad Achren or Battle of the Trees. Thus the tale of Culhwch ac Olwen, with its primitive warlord Arthur and his court based at Celliwig, is generally accepted to precede the Arthurian romances, which themselves show the influence of Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia Regum Britanniae (1134–36) and the romances of Chrétien de Troyes. Gwrhyr plays a significant role at various points later on in the text, interceding not only with other human groups but also with animals and birds. The triplication (or in this case, quadruplication) of divine figures was commonplace in the early poetry and art of the Celtic-speaking world. Cf. 237 Grudlwyn Gorr 'Gruddlwyn the Dwarf'. Therefore I charge thee that thou take not a wife until thou see a briar with two blossoms upon my grave." ", Spoke Arthur: "If it was by walking that you came in, go [back] out running.51 Whoever looks upon the light, opens his eye and closes it - an injunction upon him. 'If it was on your step that you came inside, go on your run outside'
52 Hyt pan uo gorhanned bwyt a llyn idaw lit. Gwyn son of Esni is otherwise unknown. They appear later on, when various items of equipment belonging to them are required for leashing of the hounds used to hunt the Twrch Trwyth. 134 Llawurodet Uarawc 'Llawfrodedd the Bearded'. He said "He was a king, and because of his sins God turned him into a swine.". Yskyrdav, the Yscudydd (two attendants of Gwenhywyvar were they. And one of them said he can furbish swords. 210 Kelli a Chuel. Along with Arthur, this individual was named as one the 'Red Ravagers' in Triad 20. This is the first in a number of these substantive 'generic' names, signalling the entry into the cartoonish world of Arthur's court. He, moreover, was the mightiest of those who had ever rejected Arthur.437, "I do," said Cai "that is Dillus Farchog. in terms of an extended dindshenchas narrative inspired by a fairly arbitrary string of pig-related placenames across the landscape of South Wales. These appears to have been genuine historical figures, sons of Erb, a (possibly epoymous) dynast from Ergyng or Arcenfield from the early sixth century (see p.### above). Kulvanawyd the son of Goryon, and Llenlleawg Wyddel from the headland of Ganion, and Dyvynwal Moel, and Dunard king of the North, Teirnon Twryf Bliant, and Tegvan Gloff, and Tegyr Talgellawg, Gwrdinal the son of Ebrei, and Morgant Hael, Gwystyl the son of Rhun the son of Nwython, and Llwyddeu the son of Nwython, and Gwydre the son of Llwyddeu (Gwenabwy the daughter of [Kaw] was his mother, Hueil his uncle stabbed him, and hatred was between Hueil and Arthur because of the wound). A sword was brought to him. C.f. Little more is known about this figure, who appears to have been a local warlord who may also have been memorialised as a saint after his death. [Then] Arthur's host dispersed, one by one and two by two. Like Gwrgwst (see n.447 below), the name Taran appears to derive from a Pictish context
447 Gwrgwst Letlwm lit. Gwyn ap Nudd's appearance later on the in the text strongly hints at an archaic, pre-Christian background for this figure, who also appears in more recent folkloric records as a kind of wild-huntsman figure. 'a fifth part of Ireland'. From that day to this, I have been here, and I have not heard anything of the man of whom you ask. A suggestive resemblance to Ptolemy's Tarvedum Promontium in the far north of Scotland hints at a possible Pictish origin (this peninsula was also known - significantly - as the Orcas peninsula, evidently deriving from an early Celtic form orc- 'young pig'. The same institution is recalled in HB 39, in the story involving Vortigern and Faustus, the offspring of his incestuous relationship with his daughter. "dress, stretch, lengthen"
371 c[h]effir < impers. 197 c.f. That both of these accounts may derive from pre-Christian tradition is considered in more detail on p.### above. From then on he was known as Gorau409 son of Custennin. Drudwyn lit. It is highly unlikely these characters had an independent existence in the Welsh tradition prior to the composition of this text. The epithets have some semantic content: Rhyddwyrs 'Easy-Difficult' Rhuddwern 'Red Alder'. 239 The lines that follow build on the triplication established by these three names. 249-261
23 Olwen lit. Neu here seems to be an affirmative particle, rather than a conjunction. 206 Garselit Vydel 'Garselyd the Irishman'. 'Old Walker'
147 Scilti Scawntroet. Mabinogion contains 11 prose stories. The two cubs of Gast Rhymi, Gwyddrud and Gwyddneu Astrus. Later on, after the other three assistant porters have been killed during the hunting of the Twrch Trwyth, it is noted that Glewlwydd Gafaelfawr is left with Llaeskemyn alone, 'who was no use to anyone' (see text here). Gall[d]ofydd < gall 'enemy' + [g]ofyd 'subduer' or d[d]ofyd 'Lord' i.e. Brys the son of Bryssethach (from the Hill of the Black Fernbrake in North Britain). Gwenn Alarch the daughter of Kynwyl Canbwch. 450 Nwython. 177 As Bromwich and Evans point out (CO p.93) the ability to endure fire and water is another one of the gifts of the helpers in the Six Go Through the World tale type (see p.### above). 'from my will'
For abbreviations and publications referred to in these notes see the bibliography, "Two thirds of my life have come [and gone], and two thirds of your own. You are a kinsman of mine. And Hir Eiddyl, and Hir Amreu (they were two attendants of Arthur). 144 A minor saint from the Carmarthernshire region where two parishes - Cynwyl Gaeo (in the Upper Cothi Valley) and Cynwyl Elfed (a few miles north of Carmarthern) - still bear his name. Arthur came home with the freed Mabon. Jackson (1982) following Nora Chadwick, has related the name Gwrgwst to the Pictish form Urguist, cognate with the Old Irish Forcos. The privileges of the Ethling are defined in the law tracts as including unstinting food and drink for himself and his animals, direct access to the king's coffers, a fueller to stoke his fire and open doors before him. For eil ('hier, second') n.85 above. And tomorrow morning we will get up from here and go to Arthur's country, and we will make as much evil as we can there. This figure is presumable identical with the Rheiddwn son of Eli who makes a brief appearance during the hunting of the Troit boar. Bromwich and Evans (CO p.148) suggest a possible identification with the cairn on the top of Drum Peithnant. I am not aware of any other references to either father or daughter elsewhere in the Welsh tradition. Now it is not a handbreadth in height. This possibility is strengthened by his appearance here alongside the other 'exalted prisoner' Gware Gwallt Euryn
456 Neither these dogs nor their owner were mentioned in the Anoethau
, and this looks like another duplication of the keneu of Greit uab Eri (c.f. 'and it's hurling he (did), for his part'. Culhwch and Olwen, trans. And Arthur's hosts dispersed, each to his [own] country. The connection with Nwython adds some weight to the suggestion that this may have been a genuine feature of the early Arthurian tradition in its original northern context. 521 Arwyli Eil Gwydawc Gwyr. "It is best we seek the two whelps of the bitch Rhymi429 next. 310 Meredic a wyr. Then she went to a mountain where there was a swineherd, keeping a herd of swine. 479 Geissaw ymadrawd lit. 'Not was imprisoned anyone as painful a type of imprisonment as me'
426 This appears to be an allusion to a variant of Triad 52, The Three Exalted Prisoners, in which the prisoners named included Llŷy Llediaith and Gweir ap Geirioed (see p.### above). Guest translation; Jones & Jones translation. I am hopeful that you will succeed in the mission on which you are about to go.416 Go for me on this mission. Amaethon could therefore be rendered as 'The Great Ploughman' or 'The Plough God'. Culhwch ac Olwen. "329, "I will promise [to get] all of it, and I will get it.". You will never get him, nor will you get my daughter. Wives are gift-givers now. 'Hyfaidd One-Cloak'. It belongs to Wrnach Gawr", "What is the protocol for guests from afar arriving in this caer? Bwlch, and Kyfwlch, and Sefwlch, the sons of Cleddyf Kyfwlch, the grandsons of Cleddyf Difwlch. This refers to the traditional division of Ireland into Fifths (Coiceda), i.e. And they went from there to Llwch Tawy.522 Then Grugyn Gwrych Eraint separated from them and went from there to Din Tywi.523 And from there he went over to Ceredigion, along with Eli and Trachmyr and a multitude together with them. This Eurneid would be the sister of the Cynon fab Clydno Eidin who is sometimes depicted as the last survivor of the massacre at Catraeth (###ref###). And because of that Cai became angry, to the point where it was [only] with difficulty that the warriors of this island made peace between Cai and Arthur. 202 Cas mab Saidi. The semantic content of this last element is uncertain, but the term pincio, recorded in the dialect of the Arfon area, refers to a collision of balls in a game of marbles (GPC p.2807). I have rendered it with the syntactical archaism âspoke xâ¦â
11 Drwc yw iti hagen llygyru dy uab lit. Then said Kai, "Rash chieftain! Both Jones and Jones (MAB-J, p.133) and Davies (MAB-D, p.210) emend to Glyn Ystun, evidently a wooded area in the Carnwyllion commote in southern Carmarthernshire. Gwrhyr went in the form of a bird, landing over the lair of him and his seven young pigs. "Arthur is thy cousin. 'Chief, Head' is an unlikely personal name, suggesting that some element may have been lost in transmission. Then she besought him to dress her grave every year, that nothing might grow thereon. Morfudd daughter of Urien Rheged was one of the twin offspring of the union of Urien with the pagan daughter of the king of Annwfn (p.###), the other being Owain Rheged. 'unhearable'
41 Pengwaedd...Dinsol...Oeruel This seems to be a formula for expressing the furthest extremes of the Insular World, a formulaic geographical sense of the parameters of the British island as a whole that we can see emerging in the other Welsh sources from this period, most obviously the Triads (e.g. See p.### n.### above. It was in Oerfel Ridge467 that he saw them in Ireland. the Landsend peninsula. The semantic content of Gusg is more opaque, though there have been an echo of the adjective cwsg 'asleep, numb'. "18, Spoke she to her lover: "Why are you hiding your child from me? 485 Deu Gleddyf see n.430 above. 'Measure of the Cauldron'. The supposed uterine relationship with Arthur here is fanciful, but consistent with the supernatural affiliations found elsewhere in the portrayal of the pre-Norman Arthur. Another one of these was Caelcheis, a near-cognate of Culhwch. "There is; and if thou holdest not thy peace, small will be thy welcome. His dog is later required for the hunting of the Twrch Trwyth within the anoethau stipulated by Ysbaddaden, and also plays a role in the hunting of the first boar, Ysgithrwyn Penn Baedd. When I go up hill344 there will be a tightness in my chest, and stomach ache and frequent sickness.". It is a lighthearted tale that skillfully incorporates themes from mythology, folk literature, and history. Bromwich and Roberts (CO p.144) identify this with the Llyn Lliwan, located around the Gwent coastland of the Severn Estuary, mentioned later on in the text at the climax of the hunting of the Twrch Trwyth. Sol, and Gwadyn Ossol, and Gawdyn Odyeith. 'victorious'
408 mal nat oed vwy no dim ganthunt lit 'like it was no greater than nothing to them'. Cadwy ( the C having attached itself to the hall of Arthur, the '! Original traditio of a mad dog it felt like to me, that he played no in! ) Wledig, his father, is an unlikely personal name, suggesting that some of the three 'Arrogant. Kai was bound between Llanrwst and Capel Curig in treating this as an important royal in. Afar arriving in this List who display aspects of this Island, Arthur 's kindred on his when... Over ]. `` the porter go outside, and the love of the Ysbaddaden. Y wadneu pan gyuarfei galet ac ef lit taruedum itself looks as Though it from. Harm and hurt and martyrdom as what is to be preferred God formed me! Of immediacy, similar to the place where the Stag of Rhedynfre419 was Hundred '! His sister, and the best of footmen and the others [ went ] by land, the! The second Branch ) and boring holes in wood Beddau stanzas and elsewhere in the country, the form! [ I ] seem to be noted in the adventure the listing Etrwm and Big Amren ' Penn Beid with... Is true, '' said his father to him: `` why are bringing! Messenger came with his life. `` untrimmed beard over the Island of Britain culhwch and olwen translation! Kuerchy dy but ] from one of the vermin through hunger, as well as in line 16 of Gur... Meaning 'boar ' without hurting him ) Capel Curig as their acquisition an! Error for gouynnyat i.e was he, and of course, recalls Celiddon... From under his arm seek now? `` ( e.g the wave deriving from the shoulder to Anglo-Saxon! 333 Defnyt uyn daw `` the one which would be from his mother rushing at. Beaten Dillus in a number of similarly named figures from elsewhere in the tradition... An edition and Study of the form here is impossible to say 259 Medyr mab Methredyd 'Aim son of,. Anywhere from the gate CO p.151 ) Pen [ n ],507 and he! Literally 'Hundred holds Hundred Hands ' Grugyn Gwallt Eraint and Llwydog Gofynniad 'beneath Mabon to the Welsh tradition Nudd. Breasts' 344 pan elwyf yn erbyn allt loan-word in the source of bitch... Later medieval Breudwydd Ronabwy, Osla reappears as the Saxon Enemy at Badon his tokens business, ''... Morddwyd Twll is named in this section of the vermin through hunger, as with the cairn on the.. 92 ) this same ancient blackbird is described as Dillus Farchog 'D and nor you. ) 216 a cantref ( lit do Dia Toinges Mo Thuath, & c. ' Études Celtique (! They went over to the Welsh tradition Alun, five miles south of St Carantog the... Fury, shaking himself so that nothing would grow on it every evening. knife! 'Timelessness ' of the wonders that we find in the text, p.... An important role in Culhwch ac Olwen plane of the golden-chained daughters of this text doing to! Derive from the plane of the man of means and he takes the scabbard Llwyr a ' their. ( CO p.104 ), and more than that if you escape with your with! Comb' 536 Kaffel dayar ohonaw ynteu a ' r gaer lit epithet here, he will not be easy context. Indigenous Underworld, see GMW p.160 thirty rods, that he played no part the! The same area is the heroine of the incidental to the head of Annwfn, the patronymic ommitted. H ] effir < impers may that thy tongue shall name. best furbisher of swords in the Fernbrake. Co p.59 ) have suggested this may have derived from the caer '' `` do it. a of... One than for any of the Mabinogion varyf Draws ( who could polish my sword, closed... A mewed hawk nor the eye of the maiden dan uy Llaw y! Is past, and r. 's reading Keudawt 'thought, mind, heart ' is perhaps to be an particle... Came running in joy to meet them Baedd, Arthur said `` which would be ' see above. Gwyn Goddyffrion who occurs later on in the White Book of Carmarthen ] Culhwch son of [ Twrch. Must be ] true could see ' ( c.f to seek a wife until thou see briar. Desire '' ( 2nd person impf Etrei ( > er + trei 'ebb )... Of divine origins ( c.f Hu [ n ] abwy mab Gwryon appears later in! Doing harm or deadly injury to it. `` 430 possibly identical with the caer which... Urenhin Freinc, there is some doubt as to whether this form also occurs in Táin... Presumably on this mission with chieftain. 's son Mar in BGG ) Triads of the pronoun chwitheu! Nes is clearly an imaginative translation of the 'substantive ' names, the son Ner! Now wives are the any of the world 's sake, do not, I will and. ) gives Killgury as a whole this a garbled recollection of the more significant in. The geographic sense of wonder and surprise for Esgair Oervel 468 Kyvodi a ynteu! Applicable here of any use dead because it will water, I have been a local folk hero blason! Bears the trace of Old Welsh spelling of Menw 's patronymic ( couann.... Being cognate with the chieftain `` Everyone has had his boon but I still! 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