137-145, Joyce Tyldesley, Chronicle of the Queens of Egypt, Thames & Hudson October 2006, p.170, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. It had not been heard of since the [time of any earlier] king. Consider Ramses bloodline a mix of Hamitic and Semetic Africans. The ‘Great Harris Papyrus’ at the British Museum, c. 1150 BC. DNA Tribes® Digest February 1, 2013 Page 2 of 10 ... Ramesses III and African Ancestry in the 20th Dynasty of New Kingdom Egypt Background In recent years, genetic data have become available not only for present day populations around the world, but also for ancient individuals. By 100 BC, Bantu peoples had reached East Africa; by AD 300 they were living in southern Africa, and the age of the African empires had begun. Omotic and Cushitic followed the example and split together, as did Egyptian, Berber, and Semitic in another group. The clash, when it came was a complete success for the Egyptians. These East Africans like Ramses III are part of the Subsaharan Nilotic Afro Asiatic race. . This is based on his known accession date of I Shemu day 26 and his death on Year 32 III Shemu day 15, for a reign of 31 years, 1 month and 19 days. Creating the different sects of the Afro Asiatic family. http://linguistics.byu.edu/classes/Ling450ch/reports/afro-asiatic.html. Although little is known of Ramses’ father, Egyptologists believe Ramses III to be the grandson of the great Ramses II. The Harris Papyrus states: As for those who reached my frontier, their seed is not, their heart and their soul are finished forever and ever. The bizarre burial was found in KV11 of the Valley of the Kings, where the second Pharaoh of the 20th Dynasty of ancient Egypt - Ramses III - was laid to rest with his royal family. The pharaoh’s y-chromosome belongs to the most frequent haplogroup among contemporary Sub-Saharan y-chromosomes. Like other humans, Neanderthals originated in Africa but migrated to Eurasia long before other humans did. Based on his 13 STR markers tested, the probabilities are that he belonged to haplogroup E1b1a (aka E-V38, the Black African branch), although there is a faint possibility that it is E1b1b (E-M215, the Northeast African and Mediterranean branch). So that means that Ramesses III had a male East-African ancestor at some point in time. They also encountered some, outlier groups in the southeast who had been there for centuries, having migrated from, http://newsrescue.com/dna-evidence-on-egyptian-pharaohs-ramses-iii-a-sub-saharan-african-black/#ixzz56AIebP5a, http://www.metmuseum.org/Collections/search-the-collections/650363, Your Hair Color and Sleep Habits May Come from Neanderthals, You May Be More ‘Neanderthal’ Than You Thought, Ham & Shem Egyptians Hebrews & Arabs in The land of the blacks Bilad al Sudan, The History of Ouidah aka Juda, Judea Judah Whydah, THE HEBREW ISRAELITES AND THE TRANS-ATLANTIC SLAVE TRADE CONNECTION, Ancient Kemet and Ancient Africa Concepts and key dates, The Pagan Origin Of The Word “AMEN” (True or false??? Ramses III: Sub-Saharan Africa 96.2% Eurasia 2% Asia 1.8% (D3S1358 was defaulted as mentionned by Marianne but using any value for D3S1358, Ramses III always gets a probablity > 90% for sub-Saharan Africa.) Usermaatre Meryamun Ramesses III (also written Ramses and Rameses) was the second Pharaoh of the Twentieth Dynasty in Ancient Egypt.He is thought to have reigned from 1186 to 1155 BC and is considered to be the last great monarch of the New Kingdom to wield any substantial authority over Egypt. The E-M329 subclade is today almost exclusively found in Ethiopia. Notwithstanding, the DNA of King Ramses III is haplogroup E1B1b which is a part of Haplogroup E Family and its origins is in Eastern Africa. Ramesses III may have been doubtful as to the latter's chances of succeeding him, given that, in the Great Harris Papyrus, he implored Amun to ensure his son's rights. Civilisation started in Africa and Egypt was part of Afri Ka. A number of ancient Egyptian documents, including the Judicial Papyrus of Turin, record an attempt on the 20th Dynasty pharaoh’s life in 1155 BC, the final year of his reign, and that the chief conspirators were Tiye, one of Ramesses’ secondary wives, and her son Pentawere. The shared ancestry between Ancient Egyptians and other African populations for the most part probably dates from a period before the creation of the Ancient Egyptian state but after the main OOA migration (since non-African regions don't match Ramses III's DNA profile very much). I am currently retired and I am acquainted with the scientific method having obtained a Ph.D. in psychology from the University of Michigan. Bomhard postulates that from Proto-Afroasiatic (henceforth PAA), Chadic was the first to break off. Known as the Bantu, their populations grew as they discovered iron-smelting technology and developed new agricultural techniques. There were no signs of bone healing so this injury must have happened shortly before death. Now in terms of archaeology, Nebiri’s mummy showcased the oldest ever case of chronic heart failure due to atherosclerosis (along with severe gum disease). That's more than enough time for people to migrate through a continent. This additional injury of the foot supports the assassination of the Pharaoh, likely by the hands of multiple assailants using different weapons. According to a genetic study in December 2012, Ramesses III, second Pharaoh of the Twentieth Dynasty and considered to be the last great New Kingdom king to wield any substantial authority over Egypt, belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup E1b1a, mainly found in West Africa, Central Africa, Southwest Africa an… His long reign saw the decline of Egyptian political and economic power, linked to a series of invasions and internal economic problems that also plagued pharaohs before him. The result in Egypt was a substantial increase in grain prices under the later reigns of Ramesses VI–VII, whereas the prices for fowl and slaves remained constant. Image taken from the book The Search for Ancient Egypt (p. 91) by Jean Vercoutter. relationship … Born in circa 1303 BC (or 1302 BC), as the royal member of the Nineteenth Dynasty, he ascended the throne in … Some had put forth a hypothesis that a snakebite from a viper was the cause of the king's death. A. J. Peden, The Reign of Ramesses IV, Aris & Phillips Ltd, 1994. p.32 Atika has long been equated with Timna, see here B. Rothenburg, Jacobus Van Dijk, 'The Amarna Period and the later New Kingdom' in The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt, ed. In fact this trace goes back to my early days on ES, 2011. Some Africans such as the Bantu and Khoisan carry Asian genes developed in Africa. Those ancient white Egyptian bodies that have been found are from the descendants of African’s who left black and populated the world some mixing with neanderthals and moving to cold countries. ( Log Out / The DNA tests conducted in this study have defined the Y-DNA STR profile of Ramesses III. There is little doubt that all of the main conspirators were executed: some of the condemned were given the option of committing suicide (possibly by poison) rather than being put to death. The above picture states that the non Semetic African Negroes are improperly called Bantu. Check reoccurring surnames and then where your family could have met this ancestor. That's more than enough time for people to migrate through a continent. I won't go into the genetic details but you realize that this variant appeared in the Horn of Africa around 30,000 years ago. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. 3 & 7 are possible Semetic West Africans from Ghanian and Congo region. No! His mummy includes an amulet to protect Ramesses III in the afterlife from snakes. Ramesses III was the son of Setnakhte and Queen Tiy-Merenese. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. 1217 BC Died: 1151 BC. The unidentified 20-year-old is now presumed to be Pentawere. See, My people This is exactly how propaganda, lies and falsehoods get spread. He built important additions to the temples at Luxor and Karnak, and his funerary temple and administrative complex at Medinet-Habu is amongst the largest and best-preserved in Egypt; however, the uncertainty of Ramesses' times is apparent from the massive fortifications which were built to enclose the latter. The people then migrated out of Africa to the East. The Great Harris Papyrus or Papyrus Harris I, which was commissioned by his son and chosen successor Ramesses IV, chronicles this king's vast donations of land, gold statues and monumental construction to Egypt's various temples at Piramesse, Heliopolis, Memphis, Athribis, Hermopolis, This, Abydos, Coptos, El Kab and other cities in Nubia and Syria. Although the Egyptians had a reputation as poor seamen, they fought tenaciously. Before this discovery it had been speculated that Ramesses III had been killed by means that would not have left a mark on the body. Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. E-V38 has two basal branches, E-M329 (formerly E1b1c) and E-M2 (formerly E1b1a). , Some scientists have tried to establish a chronological point for this pharaoh's reign at 1159 BC, based on a 1999 dating of the Hekla 3 eruption of the Hekla volcano in Iceland. Ramesses III Haplogroup Some sites are reporting that, based on some mutations that have been revealed, Ramesses III haplogroup is I2b, which would make sense, seeing as he has the red hair gene and HLA-B27 antigen, which is found in those with O rh negative blood and this haplotype. Moreover, Ramesses III died in his 32nd year before the summaries of the sentences were composed, but the same year that the trial documents record the trial and execution of the conspirators. Although it was long believed that Ramesses III's body showed no obvious wounds, a recent examination of the mummy by a German forensic team, televised in the documentary Ramesses: Mummy King Mystery on the Science Channel in 2011, showed excessive bandages around the neck. I have doubts on that to be honest, but I guess it could come from the Nubians. Also check out some of my other posts and then do your own scholarly research. Van Siclen, "A Chronology of the New Kingdom" in Studies in Honor of George R. 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